- Thirukural, more than 2000 years old is one of the ancient and vital scriptures in the
‘Classical language’ Tamil.
- Celebrated universally and translated into many spoken
languages of the world, .
- Thirukural consists of three major sections: Arathuppal
(Dharma), Porutpal (Wealth) and Inbathupal (Love/desire) which have 38, 70 and 25 chapters
punctuating to 133 chapters in total and each chapter has 10 couplets
Life Skill Concepts in Thirukural
1. Valluvar on Communication
. Valluvar warns against the wayward/ abusive usage of language.
Since gain or ruin speeches bring; guard against the slips of tongue (Couplet: 642)
Deliver your speech, after assuring yourself that no counter speech can defeat your
own. (Couplet: 645)
No foe defies the speaker clear flawless, puissant, and free from fear (Couplet: 647)
It is evident that even little information that is listened to will pay rich dividends in Counselling profession. Valluvar also
says that, the ear which has not been bored by instruction, although it hears, is deaf (Couplet
3. Interpersonal Relationship
The Chapter 79 ‘Friendship’, chapter 80 ‘Testing of Fitness of Friendship’, chapter 81
‘Intimacy’, chapter 82 ‘The Friendship that Injures’ and chapter 83 ‘False Friendship’ talks
extensively about how a relationship should be and shouldn’t be.
4. Problem Solving
Problem solving is a kind of brain process that is complex, composing of visualizing, imagining,
manipulating, analyzing, abstracting, and associating ideas (cited in Life Skills Education &
CCE, 2013).Planning is essential to solve a problem and to solve a problem Valluvar asks to ‘Test the Confidence of Men’ (Chapter 51).
5. Critical thinking
Critical thinking avoids blind acceptance of conclusions or arguments and instead
closely examines all assumptions, evidence, and conclusions In the Chapter 48 ‘Judging of Strength’ Valluvar says ‘putting too
many of peacock’s feathers in wagon, it would break the wagon’s axle’ (Couplet 475).
Chapter 71 ‘Judging by Looks’ helps a person to be critical in the actions
6. Decision making
Decision making is the process of choosing among various courses of action or
alternatives (Baron, 2001). Chapter 47 ‘Deliberation before Action’, chapter 49 ‘Judging the
Right Moment’ and chapter 50 ‘Judging of Place’ explain how the person should make the
right decisions at right time, right place and to the right degree.
7. Creative Thinking
It is imperative that creativity is inevitable in social work profession and flexibility is
another dimension in creativity.
Valluvar asserts ‘though you are acquainted with the theoretical methods of performing an act, understand the ways of
the world and act accordingly’
8. Self- awareness
Chapter 30 ‘Truthfulness’ and Chapter 36 ‘Realization of the Truth’ touches the very
corner stone of self-awareness. Hold not forth as truth what knows to be false; for thy own
conscience will burn them when thou has lied (Couplet 293). A person who is true to his
conscience will be aware of himself/herself.
World Health Organization (1993) defined empathy as an ability to understand others’
Chapter 25 ‘compassion’ and in chapter 58 ‘considerateness’ implies the value of
empathy. Kindness is a virtue that should be possessed by everyone, as, a person who is
without wealth may acquire it at later time, but a person who is without kindness cannot
acquire it anytime
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